Super dependants

15 May 2019

If you have a superannuation fund, you’ve probably been asked to nominate your beneficiary. But, super fund trustees can only pay your super death benefit to eligible dependants1 or to the legal personal representative (LPR) of your estate. If you haven’t elected a valid beneficiary the super fund trustees generally decides who your super goes to.

Here’s what you and your family need to know about super dependants.

Who can you nominate as a super dependant?

Spouse

A spouse includes a legally married spouse or de facto spouse, both same sex and opposite sex.

A spouse can be a person you’re legally married to but estranged or separated from. So, if you haven’t formally ended a marriage, your husband or wife is still considered your dependant under superannuation law. And, while you can’t be legally married to two people, it is still possible to have two spouses – a legally married spouse and a de facto spouse.

Child

A child includes an adopted child or a step-child.

Even though a step-child is included in the definition of a child, if you end the relationship with the natural parent or the natural parent dies, the child is no longer considered your step-child. However, they may still be considered a financial dependant or in an interdependency relationship with you and could therefore continue to be a beneficiary of your super.

Financial dependant

Generally, a person is financially dependent on you if the level of support you provide them is ‘necessary and relied upon’, so that if they didn’t receive it, they would be severely disadvantaged rather than merely unable to afford a higher standard of living.

Interdependency relationship

Two people have an interdependency relationship if they live together and have a close personal relationship. One or each of them must also provide a level of financial support to the other and at least one of each of them needs to provide domestic and personal care to the other.

Two people may still have an interdependency relationship if they do not live together but have a close personal relationship. For example if they’re separated due to disability or illness or due to a temporary absence, such as overseas employment.

Who is not a dependant?

A person is not a dependant if they are your parents or other friends or relatives who don’t live with you and who are not financially dependent on you or in an interdependency relationship with you.

If you do not have a dependant you should direct your super to your LPR and prepare a Will which outlines your wishes.

Legal personal representative

An LPR is the person responsible for ensuring that various tasks are carried out on your behalf when you die. You can nominate an LPR by naming the person as the executor of your Will. Your Will should outline the proportions and the people you wish your estate, including your super, to go to.

If you’re not sure of the best way to nominate your super beneficiaries please contact us and we can help.

* In this article a dependant refers to a ‘SIS dependant’ which is an eligible person under the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993 that a member may nominate as a beneficiary.

Source: Australian Executor Trustees

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